Volume 7 ; Issue 2 ; in Month : Jul-Dec (2023) Article No : 173
Priya SS, Sharma N, Jahangir MA

The field of medical diagnostics and therapeutics is currently undergoing a transformative revolution, driven by the rapid advancements in nanotechnology. This paper explores the promising potential of metallic nanoparticles and nanocarriers in the realm of theranostics, a fusion of therapy and diagnostics, offering unprecedented opportunities for precision medicine and patient care. The integration of metallic nanoparticles and nanocarriers into medical applications has opened new frontiers for non-invasive imaging and targeted therapy. This review provides an in-depth analysis of metallic nanoparticles, including gold, silver, and magnetic nanoparticles, highlighting their unique physicochemical properties that make them ideal candidates for imaging and therapeutic purposes. Additionally, we discuss the evolution of nanocarriers, such as liposomes, micelles, and dendrimers, and their role in enhancing drug delivery, bioavailability, and treatment specificity. The versatility of metallic nanoparticles and nanocarriers in both imaging and therapeutic applications is showcased through their utilization in areas such as cancer diagnosis, drug delivery, and the management of neurological disorders. Furthermore, their potential to enable real-time monitoring of treatment responses and disease progression is explored, empowering clinicians with essential tools for personalized medicine. Challenges and considerations related to toxicity, biocompatibility, and regulatory hurdles are also discussed, shedding light on the need for further research and collaboration between scientists, clinicians, and regulatory bodies. As metallic nanoparticles and nanocarriers continue to evolve, they promise to revolutionize the landscape of medical diagnostics and therapy, ultimately improving patient outcomes and enhancing the effectiveness of healthcare practices. This paper serves as a comprehensive overview of the current state and future prospects of these groundbreaking technologies, contributing to the advancement of theranostics and its wide-reaching implications for the healthcare industry.

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