Volume 4 ; Issue 1 ; in Month : Jan-June (2020) Article No : 140
Jahangir MA, Muheem A, Rizvi MF

Abstract
In spite of being characterised in the 1960s, human coronavirus still needs extensive studying for its better understanding. Since, the start of the new millennium corona viruses had caused pandemic. SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV were the first coronavirus outbreak which has resulted in socioeconomic and psychological losses in the past. The novel corona virus outbreak (COVID-19) needs lesson from our past experience in tackling the devastating situation. The population needs awareness about this novel virus during the current pandemic situation. In this article the author reviews the history of coronaviruses, its lifecycle and genomic structure, current pandemic situation, diagnosis of COVID-19, preventive measures, current medication and pipeline drugs and diagnostic kits.

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